By | Kanan Khamzaoglu
December 9, 2020
In February 1917, revolutions took place in Russia, which led to the overthrow of the Romanov dynasty, and in October – to the Provisional Government that replaced it. These events seriously affected the political situation in the South Caucasus.
On February 22, 1918, the All-Russian Constituent Assembly from the South Caucasus with a unanimous decision of the deputies, the Transcaucasian Seim was established and local self-government was transferred to it. However, due to internal conflicts, the Sejm could not continue its activities. With the proclamation on May 26 of Georgia, and then Armenia and Azerbaijan of their independence, three independent states were formed in the South Caucasus. Since then, the existing border conflicts between the states of the South Caucasus have aggravated and expanded. Following the withdrawal of German troops from the Caucasus in November, most of Borchala came under Georgian control, prompting protests from Armenia. Accusations between the parties intensified. In December, the dispatch by Armenia of its armed formations to Akhalkalaki and Borchali led to the fact that Georgia officially declared war on Armenia. Many Azerbaijanis fought along with the Georgians in the war.
They did not spare either their property or their lives in the fight against the Armenians. It is no coincidence that the Azerbaijanis who died during the war were buried together with the Georgians at the fraternal cemetery in Tbilisi (Georgia). The war between Georgia and Armenia ended on December 31 with the cessation of hostilities on the Armenian side. On January 9-17, 1919, a peace conference was held in Tiflis with the participation of representatives of Armenia and Georgia. With the participation of England and France, the northern part of the Borchali region was transferred to Georgia and the southern part to Armenia. And the Lori region was declared a neutral zone between Georgia and Armenia. However, in 1921, the Caucasian Bureau of the Russian Communist Party of the Bolsheviks decided to transfer the Lori neutral zone to Armenia.
The Armenians claiming the “Great Armenia from sea to sea”, from time immemorial, have always considered the territories of neighboring states as the area of their expansion. the northern provinces of Iran, the eastern provinces of Turkey, and the Javakheti region in Georgia. Several weeks ago, Armenian Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan, distorting the name of the Javakheti region on his social network account, shared a photo titled “Javakh”, which shows that the Armenians still have not abandoned their utopian ideas. Unlike Armenia, neither Georgia nor Azerbaijan have territorial claims against any neighboring state. It should be noted that there are close friendly and good-neighborly ties between both countries. The friendship between Georgia and Azerbaijan gives us reason to say that the negative plans of the Armenians related to the Caucasus will never come true. All Caucasians believe in this!