Chairman of the Center for International Studies of Social and Political Processes
January 17, 2021
For the first time in the history of the Soviet Union, the Nakhichivan Autonomous Republic announced its secession from the USSR 31 years ago.
In January 1990, the Armenian terror took on an even more violent character. The conditions for the Armenian violence directed against Azerbaijan were created by the leadership of the Soviet Union. Despite this, the struggle of our people for independence continued to intensify.
The imperial forces, preparing for the bloody genocide in Baku, were also preparing for similar acts of genocide in other regions of Azerbaijan, including Nakhichivan.
Since January 1990, Armenian terrorist gangs have carried out frequent attacks on the settlements of Nakhichivan. In such conditions, the leadership of Nakhichivan, relying on constitutional norms, demanded that Moscow ensure the safety of the population of the Autonomous Republic. The Soviet leadership not only does not suppress these attacks, on the contrary, it provides military support to the separatist Armenian formations, supplying them with weapons and military equipment for an attack on Nakhichivan. Soldiers of the Soviet army take part in many actions. The village of Kyarki Nakhichivan was occupied with the direct participation of the internal troops of the USSR.
The purpose of the Armenians was, with the help of the central authority of the empire, to sow fear among the population of Nakhichivan, which would lead to the devastation of these lands. Against the background of an increase in the intensity of fighting in the direction of Sederek, the invaders tried to seize strategic territory bordering on fraternal Turkey. If successful, they would put the local population in a critical situation, which would lead to the disappearance of Azerbaijan in the region.
In the critical conditions formed 31 years ago, the population of Nakhichevan, having mobilized, managed to repulse the aggressor, as well as achieve the adoption of the most important political decision from a historical point of view.
Thousands of Nakhchivans came out at demonstrations demanding an extraordinary session of the Supreme Soviet of the HACCP.
On January 19, 1990, late in the evening, due to the inability of the USSR to ensure the protection of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Azerbaijan and Nakhichivan, and based on Article 81 of the USSR Constitution, the parliament of Nakhichevan announced its secession from the USSR and gaining independence. The decree of the Supreme Council on the withdrawal of HACCP from the USSR indicated the following:
- HACCP secedes from the USSR and proclaims itself an independent republic;
- Based on the terms of the Kars Treaty, in order to protect the territorial integrity of the Nakhichivan Autonomous Republic and prevent mass genocide, turn to the Republic of Turkey;
- Given the current situation, seek help from the UN, the Islamic Republic of Iran and other countries of the world.
- For the first time in the seventy-year history of the Soviet Union, the autonomous territory announced its secession from the empire. This has generated a lot of resonance around the world. For that time, making such a political decision was a big risk that required a lot of courage.
The decisive step taken by the parliament of Nakhichivan regarding the secession of the Autonomous Republic from the USSR forced it to refuse to repeat the Baku genocide in Nakhichivan. The subsequent processes laid the foundation for the protection and security of the Autonomous Republic. Nakhichivan took the first ranks in Azerbaijan’s struggle for independence.
The resolution of January 19, 1990, adopted by the Parliament of Nakhichivan, was the first step demonstrating the readiness of the Azerbaijani people to fight against the empire.